The flag of Angola was adopted on November 11, 1975, the day the country gained independence from Portugal. It is a horizontal bicolour of red and black, with a yellow half gear wheel crossed by a machete and crowned with a star in the center.
- Red: The red stripe symbolizes the blood shed during the struggle for independence, as well as the country’s determination to defend its freedom.
- Black: The black stripe represents the African continent and the solidarity of the Angolan people.
- Yellow: The yellow color of the emblem symbolizes the country’s wealth, particularly its mineral resources.
The emblem in the center of the flag is made up of three main symbols:
- Machete: The machete represents the peasantry and the role of agriculture in the Angolan economy. It is also a symbol of the armed struggle for independence.
- Gear wheel: The gear wheel represents the industrial workers and the importance of industry to Angola’s development.
- Star: The five-pointed star is a symbol of international solidarity and progress.
The emblem is also surrounded by half of a cogwheel and cotton and coffee leaves, which represent two of Angola’s most important agricultural products. At the bottom of the emblem is an open book with a banner reading “República de Angola” (Republic of Angola).
The overall symbolism of the Angolan flag is one of national unity, progress, and determination. The flag represents the country’s rich history and culture, as well as its hopes and aspirations for the future.
The Angolan flag is used in a variety of official and unofficial contexts. It is flown on government buildings and at official events, and it is also used by businesses, schools, and other organizations. The flag is also displayed by many Angolans in their homes and businesses as a symbol of national pride.
The flag of Angola is a powerful symbol of the country’s history, culture, and values. It is a reminder of the sacrifices made to achieve independence and the determination of the Angolan people to build a better future for their country.